Journal Bhavnagar University

current issue

 

Jun, 2016
Vol-6 Issue - 1 (Semi-annual Publication)

Title of the article : Oral Hygiene Practices and Oral Health Status in Rural India

Authors : RAJENDRASINH RATHOD , JAYESH PARIKH

Abstract

Background : About 72% of the Indian population resides in rural areas. The rural population in developing countries like India, has minimal or no access to private dental health sector. Along with financial up gradation and self-sufficiency of villages, personal health care attitudes of rural population also must be improved in order to create a healthy India. Thus, the present survey was undertaken aiming at finding out the oral health status and its association with oral hygiene habits of rural population in various states of India.

Materials and methods: They survey was conducted in various villages of total 23 states of India for the duration of 2 years. In every village, free dental check-up camp was organised for the benefit of rural population. The demographics and oral hygiene aid were recorded each participant of the survey. Oral hygiene status of each individual was assessed with simplified oral hygiene index. The results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: It was observed the largest part of survey population in each state reported the use of brush and paste as a method of oral hygiene maintenance (77.9%, n=3902). Although, considerable population from rural areas continues to use finger for teeth cleaning (10.2%, n=512). Many subjects also reported the use of datum (8.5%, n=428) and brush with dantmajan (3.3%, n=164) as oral hygiene aids. It was also found that maximum number of subjects included in survey showed fair oral hygiene (46.7%, n=2338). Whereas, there was a slight difference in number of people showing poor oral hygiene (27%, n=1353) and good oral hygiene (26.3%, n=1315). Pearson chi-square test was applied to find out significant association between oral hygiene practice and oral hygiene status. It showed that the association between oral hygiene practice and oral hygiene status is significant.

Conclusion : The current survey suggested that oral hygiene habits, oral health awareness and knowledge level among rural public needs to be improved. Village population should be informed and motivated about right methods of oral hygiene maintenance.

Key-words : Awareness, India, Oral hygiene, Rural, States, Survey



ISSN (ONLINE) - 2321 - 7553

ISSN (PRINT) - 2249-443x

 

 


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Original Research

Determination of Sex by Dental Pulp Tissue - A Single Blind Study
AUTHORS: MAHARUDRAPPA BASNAKER , CHANCHAL MOOLRAJANI
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Page no 1-6
Oral Hygiene Practices and Oral Health Status in Rural India
AUTHORS: RAJENDRASINH RATHOD , JAYESH PARIKH
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Page no 7-10
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